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Characteristics Of Different Types Of Leadership And Management Stylesfrom: Aena Williams - Guest Contributor
There are different types of leadership and management styles which can be used in different scenarios. Every leadership and management style has different characteristics making it different from others; therefore, they are adopted by managers in different situations. In the leadership development programs the instructors should know what type of leadership is to be taught to what kind of participants.
Active Blue is one of those leadership styles which can be used when there is a sensitive situation and commitment of people is important. Managers who adopt such style of leadership are people oriented, caring, likeable and motivate people to boost up their moral. They build more inter personal relationships and for that they use their interpersonal skills. When decisions have to be forced on people, managers with this style of leadership try to avoid conflict because they know such conflicts not only can create problem for them in the current situation but it can also hurt feelings of many of his/her followers.
Another style of leadership is Reflective Blue where leader gives importance to the organizational values and is obsessed with organizational issues. Whenever problem comes up they like to focus on the main subject matter and such leadership style is most favorable when team loses its identity and is doing too many things at the same time. This type of leadership style cannot be applied to situations where there is a technical problem and where there is no need of passion or emotion.
There is Active Green leadership style where leader always look out for opportunities and unexpected outcomes, introduces new things in the organization to bring change and likes to do experiments. They come up with different models and trial products and are the best when lots of projects are in pending status but this leadership style should not be used in situations when lot of changes are to be done or in the in processes.
People who develop long term objectives by keeping future conditions and outcome in the mind have Reflective Green leadership style. When long term drastic changes are to be made such leadership style is adopted but changes or groups which are made in the result of such changes may not survive in the short run.
Some managers adopt Active Yellow leadership style which involves high level of action leading to required results but here leader leads from the front. Leader makes the follower's exhibit certain behavior by first setting his her personal example for them. Whenever there is lack of motivation among people leaders adopts this style of leadership but very same style cannot be adopted when the team performance is being measured and success attained by the teams after so much effort can diminish in future.
Leaders are advised to be a good observer and listeners, leaders who have these qualities normally have Reflective Yellow leadership style. Such leaders make goals clear for his/her people, make expectation which are realistic and they express their expectations to people clearly but people with such type of leadership styles cannot be useful in situations where there are too many goals to be achieved and too many information to be processed to achieve these goals.
Leaders who set achievable targets and make plans for these targets using information have Active Red leadership style. To implement plan in a better way they organize people and resources. They are called in when there is lack of organization and there seems to be no way of achieving the set goals. They are good at managing but they lack quality of being creative.
In Reflective Red leadership style leader does detailed analysis and makes models to explain the scenario to his/her team members. They like to get feedback from members of the team. They compare other situations with the current one and initiates debates which are based on rationale. These leadership and management styles should be adopted carefully because not every leadership styles fits in every situation. This is the important lesson which the learners of leadership development must keep in mind so that they may not apply a style to a wrong or inappropriate situation, as every one of them has different outcomes and needs different inputs from the leaders.
About the Author
The Madinah Institute for Leadership and Entrepreneurship (MILE) brings senior executives and high potential leaders from all over the world for executive education to discover new dimensions in Leadership Development, Good Governance, Telecom Training, HR Performance and various other Leadership and Management practices to help them grow in their business careers.
MILE is a CSR initiative of Savola Group's CSR Programs and grew to be a collaborative initiative aims to attract the contributions and support of many other companies, academic institutions, research & consulting organizations and professional groups.